A dark day in the history of golf: On March 6, 1457, King James of Scotland banned the playing of golf (and also, incidentally of football, aka soccer) because it interfered with archery practice.
The edict read, in part:
….that fute-ball and golfe be utterly cryed downe, and not be used…”
The Scots, you see, had been on the losing end of a series of conflicts against the English from the South, and their commanders blamed it on the tactical advantage given the English by the longbow. The Scots preferred to fight in a densely packed, hedgehog-like wall of spears known as a schiltrum.
The ban was renewed in 1471 by his son, James III, and again in 1491 by his grandson, James IV.