Well, sort of.
One of the best things about golf is that the average golfer/fan can play at many of the venues used by the tour players. You can be a big baseball fan, but just try playing at Yankee Stadium. Not going to happen.
But you can play Pebble Beach. And Pinehurst. And Bethpage Black. And many other great courses used for the major championships.
But not Augusta. For that, you need to know someone.
USA Today has a report on major golf venues that you can play.